Queen Anne


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Queen Anne

1702 - 1714

Anne (1665-1714), Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1702-14), the last British sovereign of the House of Stuart.

Born in London on February 6, 1665, she was the second daughter of King James II. Her mother was James's first wife, Anne Hyde. In 1683 she was married to Prince George of Denmark.  Although her father converted to Roman Catholicism in 1672, Anne remained Protestant and acquiesced in James's overthrow by the anti-Roman Catholic Glorious Revolution of 1688, which brought her sister Mary and Mary's husband, William of Orange, to the throne.

Becoming queen on William's death in 1702, Anne restored to favour John Churchill, who had been disgraced by her predecessor, making him duke of Marlborough and captain-general of the army. Marlborough won a series of victories over the French in the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14, known in America as Queen Anne's War), and he and his wife, Sarah, had great influence over the queen in the early years of her reign.

Devoted to the Church of England, Anne was inclined to favour the pro-church Tory faction rather than its Whig opponents, but, influenced by the Marlboroughs and Lord Treasurer Sidney Godolphin, earl of Godolphin, she at first excluded the Tories from office. Later, however, her friendship with the Marlboroughs cooled, and in 1710 she took advantage of popular dissatisfaction with the Whigs to remove Godolphin; Marlborough was dismissed the following year.

During Queen Anne's reign the kingdoms of England and Scotland were united (1707). She died in London on August 1, 1714, and, having no surviving children, was succeeded by her German cousin, George, elector of Hannover, as King George I of Great Britain.

Timeline

1703: John Wesley (1703 - 1791) born. Held religious meetings on Blackheath prior to setting up the Methodist Church.

1705: Greenwich Royal Park open to public

1705: Edmond Halley identified the comet later to be named after him.

1707: 22 October: Royal Navy 4 ships sank- 2,000 lives lost - public outcry results.    This led to the Search for Longitude


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Greenwich England is where East meets West at the Greenwich Meridian (0 Longitude); World Time is set Greenwich Mean Time. Remember the new millennium started in 2001.

Greenwich lies on the River Thames, a few minutes by rail or tube, or a short river cruise from central London.  If you want to visit Greenwich and information on visiting London, England then see Greenwich Info.  There is the famous Cutty Sark to visit and the Royal Naval College.  Just down river is the Thames Barrier which is close to London City Airport

The Royal Observatory at Greenwich is in Greenwich Park along with the National Maritime Museum and the Queens House (on which the White House in Washington DC, USA is based).  For information on astronomy visit Greenwich Star

The London Marathon starts in Greenwich Park every Spring.

Greenwich has a long heritage; it was the birth place of King Henry VIII and his daughters Queen Mary (Bloody Mary) and Queen Elizabeth I (The Virgin Queen).  All the English monarchs can be found at Royal History.

It has seen many famous visitors from Peter the Great through Charles Dickens to Bob Hope.  This and a lot more in Greenwich Past.

For information on all the other places in the world called Greenwich including Greenwich Village, New York City, USA then visit Greenwich Town.

Visit the Greenwich Book Shelf where you can buy titles old and new.

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Queen Anne